Skin Pigmentation Disorders and Treatments

Patches of pigmented skin is quite common and can be caused due to various reasons. The extreme ultraviolet rays of the sun is the most general cause of these disorders. But other factors such as stress, age can cause these issues as well. When skin pigmentation disorders occur, it is quite evident as it is formed in the outermost skin layer. There are so many types of such disorders. Continue reading to see what they are and what are the common treatments.


This is the most common skin pigmentation disorder. The reasons for photodamage is the UV rays emitted from the sun. This can cause dark patches and freckles to appear on the skin. This type of skin disorder is most common in tropical countries. For example; skin pigmentation Singapore is more general that in Korea or Japan. This can result in rapid aging, wrinkling of the skin, red patches, dark spots, rough skin areas, fragile skin and even pre skin cancers. The most common agents used to treat this is sunscreens, glycol acid, ascorbic acid, retinoids and more. It is better and much feasible to seek treatments via a skincare specialist.



This again forms dark patches, but mostly in the forehead, cheeks and above the lips. The main reason for melanoma is genetics, hormones, side effects of certain medications and the atmosphere. This is mostly evident in women during the pregnancy period. Certain changes in hormones which happens during this time can cause melanoma. Additionally, birth control pills, anti-seizure medicines and therapy done for hormone replacement can cause this as well. Treatments include hydroquinone creams, sunscreen and more.

Hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is darkening of certain areas of the skin. This is caused due to an increase in the production of melanin, the body substance which is used for colour of our skin. The main reason for this is the exposure for sunlight. Certain medications can also cause this. Using sunscreens, hydroquinone, monobenzone and azelic acid can reduce this disorder.

Hypopigmentation is the contrary of hyperpigmentation. This is the result of a reduction in the production of melanin. This can create damage skin, pimples, scraping, burns and more. There are many types of hypopigmentation like albinism, vitiligo, tine versicolour, seborrheic dermatitis and more. Using phototherapy, immunomodulators, chemical peels and microdermabrasion this condition can be treated.


Skin disorders are quite common to all. Make sure you take care of your skin very well. Incase of any differences consult a skin specialist.




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